Bladder Cancer Awareness Month 2022: Pay attention to these warning signs and symptoms | Health

Bladder cancer – those two words have a catastrophic impact as every year around 5,70,000 people are diagnosed with bladder cancer and 1.7 million people live with the disease and health experts point out that the sign The most important precursor to bladder cancer to know about is blood in the urine. It is the tenth most commonly diagnosed malignancy and the thirteenth leading cause of cancer death worldwide, but prompt diagnosis, on the other hand, greatly increases the chances of long-term survival and quality of life.

For the uninitiated, the odds of being diagnosed with bladder cancer increase with age and more than 70% of people are over the age of 65, with men being 4 times more likely to develop bladder cancer than men. the women. The bladder is a hollow organ in the lower pelvis and has flexible muscular walls that can stretch to hold urine and compress to expel it from the body, which is its primary role. Bladder cancer occurs when the cells that make up the bladder begin to grow out of control and as more cancer cells grow they can form a tumor and over time spread to other parts of the body.

Traffic signs:

In an interview with HT Lifestyle, Dr Shrikanth Atluri, Uro-Oncologist and Robotic Surgeon at Sir HN Reliance Foundation Hospital, said: “According to GLOBOCAN 2020, bladder cancer was ranked 10th among all cancers in the world. world. In India, according to the population-based Cancer Registry report, it is ranked 17th in terms of incidence and 19th in terms of mortality. Risk factors for bladder cancer include gender, age, race, and genetics. About one in 100 men and one in 400 women will be diagnosed with bladder cancer worldwide. Smoking is the number one risk factor for bladder cancer. »

Stating that blood in the urine is the most important warning symptom of bladder cancer to look out for, he added: ‘The similarity to the effects of a UTI, thinking of the age-related symptom and the fact that these occur in the intimate areas of our body often result in a delay in seeking professional advice. But timely diagnosis offers a significant increase in the chances of long-term survival and quality of life.

Bringing his expertise to the same Dr. Akshay Shah, Consultant in Medical Hemato-Oncology and Stem Cell Transplantation at Global Hospital Parel Mumbai, Symptoms of Bladder Cancer include:

– Blood in the urine (hematuria) is the most common early symptom and usually the first observed sign of bladder cancer and usually painless

– UTI like symptoms. Increased frequency and urgency, pain on urination or urinary incontinence.

– Unexplained pain in the pelvis, abdomen or flank; bone pain if the cancer has spread to the bones.

– Decreased appetite, weight loss, fatigue, feeling weak

– Uterine bleeding after menopause

– Any blood or spotting you notice after menopause could be a symptom of bladder cancer or another underlying problem

Effect of vaping and e-cigarettes:

According to Dr. Prasad Kasbekar, Consultant Surgical Oncologist at Masina Hospital in Mumbai, vaping and e-cigarette use have recently been seen as a substitute for conventional smoking. He said: “Many also mistakenly perceive it to be safer and use it as a means of quitting cigarettes. Some have made it a status symbol, especially at high society parties due to the increased cost associated with the products. Although not yet fully proven, the use of “E” cigarettes and vaping have shown a strong association with bladder cancer. »

Some studies have found nearly 40 compounds in e-cigarette smoke that can be metabolized to form nearly 60 different compounds. Dr. Prasad Kasbekar pointed out: “6 of these toxins are known to cause bladder cancer. “E” cigarettes have a very high nicotine content in their solution, which is excreted maximally in the urine. Some compounds have also been shown to damage DNA in animals. Long-term use of these products has been associated with an increased incidence of patients showing blood in the urine, which is a sign of possible bladder cancer. An increase in abnormal proteins in the urine has also been observed.

Is your coffee giving you cancer?

Dr Prasad Kasbekar revealed, “Few people also said coffee addicts were at increased risk of cancer due to potential toxins like nicotine. However, recent studies have refuted the claim and found no association between the same. So, the moral being that there is no such thing as “safe smoking” and one should avoid these toxin-related compounds altogether. Think about it over a cup of coffee!

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