CLEVELAND, Ohio — Smokers who vape to quit are at risk of becoming addicted to both, according to a new study, and the Cleveland Clinic is offering sessions on promoting brain health.
Cleveland.com brings together some of the most notable local and national health news making headlines online. Here’s what you need to know for Tuesday, August 9.
Smokers who vape to quit risk becoming addicted
Smokers who use e-cigarettes to quit smoking increase their risk of becoming addicted to both, suggests a new study from the Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis.
Since e-cigarettes contain nicotine, vaping is as addictive as smoking, the researchers said.
The study looked at electronic health record data from about 112,000 smokers who sought outpatient care at a single hospital from 2018 to 2020.
Over the study period, the number of cigarette smokers who also started vaping tripled, from 0.8% in the first year to over 2% in the second year.
About 1 in 5 of these “dual-use” smokers eventually quit within a year, a slightly higher success rate than among those who used cigarettes only.
But about two-thirds of patients who smoked and vaped were still smoking after a year, according to the study. Dual-use smokers who also used traditional smoking cessation programs were much more likely to quit.
The Cleveland Clinic offers brain health sessions
Learn about brain health in a two-part community education program presented by the Cleveland Clinic Lou Ruvo Center for Brain Health. Sessions will cover healthy aging and ways to promote brain health.
An optional memory projection will be offered with each program. Participants must register in advance for a memory screening.
Both programs will take place at the Langston Hughes Community Health and Education Center, 2390 E. 79th St., Cleveland.
Programs are Wednesday August 10 and Wednesday August 24. Both programs take place from 11:30 a.m. to 1:30 p.m.
To register, email [email protected] or call 216-210-3881.
Antibiotic after sex without a condom helps guard against sexually transmitted infections
A new study indicates that taking a single dose of a widely used inexpensive antibiotic within three days of having sex without a condom could help prevent chlamydia, syphilis and gonorrhea. These three sexually transmitted infections have increased in the United States and elsewhere over the past two decades.
The study, primarily involving men who have sex with men in San Francisco and Seattle, was halted in May after an independent data monitoring committee found that the strategy, known as post prophylaxis -exposure to doxycycline (doxyPEP), reduced the risk of chlamydia and gonorrhea by more than 60% – a result so convincing that it was not necessary to continue the study.
DoxyPEP also appeared to protect against syphilis, but too few cases occurred during the trial to reach statistical significance. But there are fears the diet could trigger antibiotic resistance, and scientists disagree on whether to introduce doxyPEP now.
Prevention of bacterial sexually transmitted infections in men who have sex with men has become more important in part because the success of antiretroviral drugs against HIV has led to more condomless sex in this population.
‘Superbug’ infections have increased in US hospitals during the pandemic
Infections and deaths from some of the most harmful antibiotic-resistant pathogens in US hospitals rose at least 15% in the first year of the COVID-19 pandemic, the Centers for Disease Control has reported. and Prevention from the United States.
Deaths from these infections have risen to almost 30,000 in 2020, reversing the drop in “superbug” infections seen in the previous decade. The CDC pointed to overworked hospital workers forced to drop sanitation precautions and shortages of personal protective equipment as the reasons for the rise in infections.
Resistant microbes considered to be among the most dangerous have led to the largest reported increases in nosocomial infection rates.
For example, the rate of the microbe that commonly infects patients on ventilators, such as those hospitalized with COVID-19, has increased by 78%, the CDC said.